Cardiac #1

Clinical Data: Chest pain

Coronary CT angiography was performed.

Describe salient abnormalities.

Salient abnormalities:

9 mm aneurysm arising from left anterior descending (LAD) artery. Contrast blush within pulmonary trunk near abnormal, torturous LAD branch

What is the final diagnosis?

What is the final diagnosis?

Coronary artery-to-pulmonary artery fistula with left-to-right shunt. Left coronary artery aneurysm.


Coronary artery-to-pulmonary artery fistula (CPAF) is a type of coronary arteriovenous fistula (CAVF), where there is an abnormal connection (fistula) between a coronary artery and either pulmonary trunk or main pulmonary artery. This condition is associated with coronary artery aneurysms (CAA), pulmonary atresia, and ventricular septal defect (VSD). Patients are usually asymptomatic; the most common clinical manifestation is chest pain and dyspnea, especially on exertion.

References and further reading:

1. Hang K, Zhao G, Su W, Bao G, Zhao Q, Jiao Z, Tian Z, Zhang H, Nie L, Luo R, Li L, Huang M, Shi L, Li S. Coronary artery-to-pulmonary artery fistula in adults: evaluation with 320-row detector computed tomography coronary angiography. Ann Transl Med. 2021 Sep;9(18):1434. doi: 10.21037/atm-21-4404. PMID: 34733986; PMCID: PMC8506747.
2. Kim H, Beck KS, Choe YH, Jung JI. Coronary-to-Pulmonary Artery Fistula in Adults: Natural History and Management Strategies. Korean J Radiol. 2019 Nov;20(11):1491-1497. doi: 10.3348/kjr.2019.0331. PMID: 31606954; PMCID: PMC6791815.

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